The uholka massif is a cave Paradise of the Carpathians


Near the villages of Malaya and Bolshaya Ugolka and Ugol, in the Mesopotamia Terebly and Teresva, locateduholka< shyrokoluzhanskyi massif of the Carpathian biosphere reserve’s. Tourists are attracted by vertical karst caves, of which there are more than thirty. A significant part of the Uholka massif except Tyachevsky рostashova in the territory of neighbouring Khust district. The most famous cave “Druzhba” (or “Romania”), reaches more than 900 meters in length and is the largest cave in Ukraine Carpathian. It will have to climb to a height of 500 meters through a beech forest on the outskirts of the village of Malaya Ugolka. The depth of the studied sections of Druzhba is 45 meters, the temperature is +8 ° C at any time of the year, and the humidity is 95%.

Other underground karst wonders include the caves “Stone gate”, “Ridge”, “Pearl”, ” chertizh”,“Princess”, “Chur”, “vyv”, “leaky stone”, “transparent walls”, “Bear Fang”, “milk stone”, “Thermoksa Malaya”, “sanatorium”. The cave “Transparent walls” was included in the Book of records of Ukraine: its walls are covered with milk-colored calcite with green streaks, which makes it look like a giant aquarium. Unfortunately, the Transcarpathian caves are not guided tours. Their entrances are located at an altitude of 100-300 meters above sea level.

Archaeologists found a “Milk stone” in the cave a stone age hunting camp (more than 20,000 years ago). To view the karst wonders do not have to go underground: in the Ugolsky massif there are amazing “Karst bridge”, a natural arch and the Chur tract, which is also remembered in a letter to Tsar Ivan the terrible Moscow ambassadors in 1552. Legends it is said that The Chur tract once had a pagan temple, and also hints on the existence of a huge, still not found cave near the tract.

Ugolsky massif boasts the highest beech trees in Ukraine (up to 40 meters), and the largest natural population yew tree (more than 1500 trees). On the kilometer-long limestone ridge of the massif (“Ridge”), many relict and endemic plant species have been preserved, among which is the only place in Ukraine where beech Linden and Cossack juniper are distributed. In the local forests there are deer, ROE deer, wild pigs, foxes, lynxes, bears, Martens, weasels, badgers, muskrats, brown-toothed Alpine and forest cats. The bird world is represented by the grey crow, owl, blue dove, black Starling, woodpeckers and exotic black storks that nest only in wild forests. Trout, grayling, earwigs, Golovach and golian are found in clear mountain rivers. More than 500 species of plants grow in Ugolka, of which 27 are rare.

Another system of caves located at a distance of several tens of kilometers from the Coal in the tract Charley Stone near the village Neresnytsya. There are four large multi tiered caves ranging in length from 200 to 700 meters meters and a depth of 24-56 meters.

To visit the caves, you must obtain a special permit in the Carpathian biosphere reserve. Members of Uzhgorod speleological circle. Remember that caves are balanced ecosystems, and they can be very dangerous for an untrained need to be very careful when visiting them.

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