Hungarian patriot Ferenc I Rakoczy


Transylvanian Prince Ferenc I rakotsi (1645-1676) – ruled our region since 1660. He was married to the beautiful Ilona Zrini, who was the daughter of the Croatian ban Peter Zrinyi. Father-in-law and son-in-law loved their people very much and dreamed of freeing them from oppression Habsburg. This led them to join the conspiracy against Austrian rule

For a long time, the conspirators did not dare to speak openly. Meetings of the conspirators took place during the years 1666-1671. The conspiracy was organized Palatine Ferenc Uselen, who began to develop plans to overthrow the Habsburg power together with the Croatian ban Peter Zrini and the Esztergom Bishop Derdem Lippai. The plot was called “under the rose”, since secret meetings of the conspirators took place in a hall decorated with a Gothic image of a rose on the ceiling. Ferenc I rakotsi himself joined the conspirators in 1670 in his castle in Sharoshpotok.

However, this plot ended in failure. Most of the conspirators were executed, including Peter Zrini. Ferenc I managed to pay off for a huge sum of 400,000 forints. Rakoczy was pardoned, but he was forced to allow the Austrian garrisons to be stationed in all his possessions. The exception w Mukachevo, which remained the last stronghold of independence the dynasty of Rakoczi. Morally and psychologically broken, Ferenc I rakotsi stopped engaging in political activities and soon died.

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