The emergence of Protestantism in Transcarpathia

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After the defeat at the battle of Mohac in 1526, Hungary was divided between the Turks, their Transylvanian vassals, and the Austrians Habsburg. In the context of political instability, the ideas of the reformation began to spread rapidly. The new religious movement has also found its supporters in our region, especially among German migrants and parts Hungarian.

The center of the Protestant, Calvinist movement became Beregovo and villages of the southern districts Berezskyi of the Committee. The first Protestant religious community in Transcarpathia was established in 1537, and by the end of the XVI century, almost every city had Protestants. To fight them in Transcarpathia moved with Slovakia the Jesuit monks who were persecuted dissenters. But organized and disciplined Protestantism did not give up its position.

At the beginning of the 17th century, there was a clear differentiation between Calvinists and Lutherans. Part of the Hungarian population of the region went to the first, and part of the German population to the second. Religious confrontation between Catholics and Protestants continued in our region until the defeat of the revolt of smokers in One thousand seven hundred eleven. Protestants in Transcarpathia became equal with Catholics already at the end of the XVIII century after the reforms of Maria Theresa and Joseph II.

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