Sandor Petefi and Transcarpathia


м Hungarian like Taras Shevchenko for Ukrainians. He was famous the Hungarian poet-revolutionary, He was born January 01, 1823 in the small town of Kiskoros. For ethnic the origin of the Slav Sandor Petefi, whose real name is Alexander Petrovich, all his life was a Hungarian patriot. His father, Stepan Petrovich, was of Serbian ethnic origin. Slovak. He was a small-time cattle dealer. The poet’s mother, Maria Gruzova, came from a poor Slovak family.

The father wanted his son to get a quality education. Already in Alexander showed brilliant abilities to the school. At the age of fifteen, he was free he spoke five foreign languages.

The first poem of the poet “the drunkard” was published in 1842. In 1844, the young Petrovich took the pseudonym Sandor Petefi, which is a translation of his name into Hungarian. In the same year, he published his first collection of poems in pest called “Poems” and immediately became one of the most famous poets Hungarians.

In the summer of 1847, Petefi visited Transcarpathia, visited Uzhgorod, Beregovo, Average, Mukachevo,Badalovo. In the Coast, the poet, was for several days and was engaged in collecting folk songs and other folklore materials’. On July 12, 1847, the poet was in Mukachevo castle, which at that time was a terrible prison.

Sandor Petefi is known not only as a poet, but also as an active revolutionary. He was one of the organizers of the Hungarian revolution of 1848-1849. He died heroically in the battle with Russian by the troops that took place at Shegeshvarom in Transylvania on July 31, 1849.

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