Uzhgorod is the smallest and one of the most ancient regional centers of Ukraine. It looks, however, larger than its actual size and younger than its age. The population of Uzhgorod is almost 115,000 inhabitants. It was founded in the IX century.
Uzhgorod itself was determined by nature the fate of the border city. Here the mountains meet the plain (the regional center is located at an altitude of 137 meters), here for centuries lay the border between agricultural and pastoral tribes. Finally, only a few kilometers from Uzhgorod lies the state border with Slovakia. And where they’ve been cooking in the same pot for years representatives of dozens of nationalities, there is always a special aura of tolerance and cultural mix.
Now it is hard to believe that once the city was located on an island between the branches of the river Uzh. In 1936 Small Size (one of the branches was “dressed” in pipes with a diameter of 1.8 meters and since then flows underground in the Central part of the city.
Transcarpathia region mineral water, and the capital of the region is also rich in healing springs. There are several of them in the city, and the most famous is “Kvass water”. On the basis of this source in the XIX century balneological resort.
With the name, everything is clear: the river really snakes, and there really is a city (garden) on it. But it is worth investigating the history of this issue in more detail, and it turns out that the toponym “Uzhgorod” appeared only in the revolutionary year for Europe in 1848, on the rise of the national consciousness of Ukrainians, and began to be widely used in Czechoslovak the period of the city’s history (1920-1930s).
Hungarian Chronicles of the IX century mention a certain settlement of gung-perhaps we are talking about Uzhgorod. On a map of the world made in 1154 by an Arab traveler.Al-Idrisi by order of the Norman king Roger II, there is the city of Gunkbar (Ungu – – this is the oldest clearly recorded written mention of the city! Gunkbar is already closer to the name of the city that was used before the beginning of the XX century – Ungvar. “Var” in Hungarian – castle.
The local fortress is remembered by the Hungarian Chronicles of the XIII century, although it probably appeared even earlier.
If you are lucky enough to get to Uzhgorod in late April or early may, the city will welcome you with pink flowers Magnolia and Sakura.These exotic trees for other parts of Ukraine are widely distributed in the capital of Transcarpathia. It is for the beauty of nature and the elegance of architectural forms of Uzhgorod that it is unofficially called the pearl of the Carpathi
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