The village of carlsbad and Borzhava castle


Near the border with Hungarian in Beregovsky district The village of vary is located in the Transcarpathian region. It has a population of just over three thousand people.

This village was severely damaged by the 2001 flood. Some buildings still have rust-colored stripes on them: this was the water level during the flood. After this tragedy, special protective dams were built on the borjava river, which merges with the river beyond the village Yew tree.

In the chronicle of the Hungarian Anonymous is told, that when Hungarians when we came to Transcarpathia, we encountered resistance from the defenders of the wooden fortress Borsho, which once protected salt trade route on the site of the present village of vary. This castle it belonged to the Bulgarian Prince Salan. Despite the heroic resistance of the Hungarians in 903, they managed to take possession of this stronghold. Later, the Hungarians built a stone fortress instead of a wooden one. However, the fortress of Borsho was overcome by the Tatar-Mongol conquerors, who in 1241-1243 swept through Central Europe like a fire tornado. In 1566, as a result of the Turkish campaign, the fortress was finally destroyed.

Today, the borsho fortress is more of an archaeological site than an architectural one. About the castle resemble a two-metre high earthen ramparts.

In addition to the remains of the castle, the village of vary boasts a reformed Church. Protestant Church with high belfry бula was built in the XIV century. On the facade of the temple you can see a plaque in memory of events from 1703-1711 (national liberation uprising of the Hungarians against the Austrian Empire). The fact is that it was from the temple of the village of Vara on may 21, 1703, that this heroic uprising began.

The village of vary is also known for preserving the traditions of craftsmen art wood processing.

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