Traditional amulets of the Transcarpathian house


Separate rites and beliefs associated with attributes that should protect the home.

At the entrance to huts doors were cut out, burned out or painted with a cross “so that “schezuny” did not enter inside, did not cause trouble to people and livestock.

In Hutsuls Rakhovsky district (stebny village, Lazeschina, Black Yew tree) at the farm buildings for cattle (stalova) beat RAM’s horn (to be generous offspring of sheep).

In the villages of Lazeshchyna, easy-going, Chorna Tysa Rakhiv, Requits, Of LeskovecMezhgorsky district on the upper binding of the frame of doors (jambs) were nailed dried branches of mistletoe from spruce, which should protect the house from all evil, bring happiness to the house. Such branches are called in Mezhgorye “kings”, on the Rakhiv district is the “crown”.

In most areas, it was customary to nail a horseshoe to the doorstep-a symbol of happiness at home and a talisman of family life. V s. Banter Rakhiv district at the entrance to CET hung pierced through the stone. This hole on the stone was formed due to the fact that “the rainbow drank water through the stone”. The stone as a talisman is a very ancient symbol, as well as beliefs about the “rainbow” (rainbow). Associations of life in huts with joyful and bright colors, the rainbow reflects healthy peasant beliefs in the good forces of nature.

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