Origin Hungarian it still remains a mystery to scientists. According to one hypothesis, their ancestral home was located beyond the Ural mountains, which explains their belonging to the Finno-Ugric language group. In the first half of the first Millennium BC, Hungarian tribes left the Urals and roamed with their herds of cattle on the steppes of the Volga region (the territory of modern Bashkiria was then called ” Magna Hungari»).
During the great migration of peoples, the Hungarians found themselves on the black sea coast and in the interfluve of the Danube and the Dnieper. According to another hypothesis, the Hungarians fell into the Carpathians back in the seventh century. What is certain is that since the mid-800s, Hungarian soldiers, entering into friendly alliances with the Franks and Moravians, took part in battles on the territory of the Carpathian basin.
Fleeing from the constant raids of the Pechenegs, the Hungarian tribes in 895 went beyond the Carpathians to search for their new homeland. Before that, for legend, the leaders of the seven tribes made an Alliance that was sealed with blood. Led half a million Hungarians in the Pannonian plain Prince Almosh, power from which during the campaign took over his son Arpad. The Hungarians managed to conquer significant territories. In the new place, the Ugric tribes grazed cattle and engaged in agriculture, the traditions of which they adopted from the local Slavs. In addition, Hungarian soldiers collected tribute from the peoples of Europe for several decades, until the German king Otto defeated them at Ausburg in the battle of the Lech river in 955.
Arpad’s great-grandson, Prince Geyser, acceptedChristianity and his son Istvan was brought up in the Christian spirit, for which he invited German missionaries’. The wife of the young Istvan was the sister of the Bavarian king gisella (and herself, whose statue adorns the building of the music school in the city Uzhgorod).
Istvan I the Saint continued the work of Arpad, consolidating the Hungarians into a Christian power. Throughout Hungary, the construction of Christian churches began temple, the country was divided into ecclesiastical districts. Invited from Western Europe monks they were not only missionaries, but also educators. It was they who spread viticulture, gardening and crafts in these lands, and laid the foundations of the Hungarian writing system. In the year 1000 Stephen I was crowned by the Pope, this also increased the influence of Christianity in the Hungarian lands. The leaders of the tribes that professed paganism, Istvan destroyed, and their lands were confiscated. All over the country, the Royal castle, which was ruled by the puppets of Stephen I – ishpany. Even the modern administrative system of Hungary is based on the system of districts created by the king. Thanks to the organizational activities of Istvan I, canonized in 1083, Hungary was able to resist the hegemony of the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation and defeat the troops of Emperor Conrad II.
It was during the time of Istvan I that the long process of including the territory of modern Transcarpathia in the Hungarian Kingdom began, which ended as early as the XIV century.
Фото Святого Іштвана
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