First on the spot Hust castle there was a wooden fortification. Subsequently, by order of Hungarian king the fortress was rebuilt and made of stone. This reconstruction took a century from 1090 to 1191. Today, the remains of the fortress are barely visible through the trees. In the middle ages, Khust castle was known as an impregnable fortress.
During the Tatar-Mongol invasion in 1242, the castle was destroyed, but soon it was completely restored. The main purpose of the fortress was control hydrochloric caravans by Yew tree. At the end of the XIV century the owner of the castle John Feathers I told my son ” Salt without Hust, and Khust they don’t cost anything without salt.”
After 1526, the Hust fortress became part of the Principality of Transylvania. The owner of the castle was Janos Zapolyai, who was declared king of Hungary by part of the Hungarian nobility. Since that time, Hust castle has been the scene of wars between the Transylvanian Principality and Habsburg.
In 1556, the castle was besieged by the army of Endre batore. The defenders of the fortress were only 800 men, who during the long siege suffered from a lack of food and soon began to die of scurvy. On January 20, 1557, the castle’s garrison capitulated. At that time, only 12 defenders of the castle remained alive.
In 1577, the castle was thoroughly reconstructed. Therefore when in 1660 the Turkish troops entered Maramoroskyi, the Janissaries did not dare to take The Khust stronghold, but sent a delegation to it, which included the traveler and author of the multi-volume “book of travel” Evliya Celebi. He compared Khust castle to the fortress of Iskander, because the height of its towers reached the heavens.
In 1709 in the fortress there was an all Transylvanian diet of supporters of the Prince Ferenc II Rakoczy. During the kurut revolt 1703-1711 however, the fortress was severely damaged and gradually began to lose its strategic role. On July 3, 1766, lightning struck the fortress’s powder storage. The explosion caused considerable damage to the castle, and the Royal garrison abandoned it. The fortress has not been restored since then and is gradually being destroyed. Several institutions were built from the stones of the castle in Khust, and also Catholic church. The Church was also moved bell and the tower chimes of the fortress.
Do not test the strength of your four-wheeled friends, trying to get to the top of the castle mountain. Leaving by a steep serpentine that wraps around the mountain, about halfway to the ruins of the castle, near the cemetery, there is a place where you can Park your car to continue the journey on foot. According to legend, this place once had a watchtower, from which an underground passage led to the castle.
Фото Хустського замоку
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