The smithy-Museum “Gamora»


In the village of Lisichevo Irshavsky district (mentioned since the XIII century, the population is more than 3 thousand inhabitants) Europe current water supply кузня-музей “Gamora” on the river Liicence. This modest at first glance long one-story building with a wicker fence is a living piece of history. The name of the forge, built in the first half of the XIX century on the site of the old paper mill of count Teleki, comes fromGerman the word Hammer (Hammer). Transcarpathians Sighs are called big grind scales.

The smithy Museum is also unique in that it combines three industrial epochs: craft (because there is a master and apprentices), manufacture (because there is a division of labor) and factory (because people’s work is partially replaced by machinery). For the forge when they had to dam the river and dig it out канал 150 meters long. A typical blacksmith shop opens its doors to tourists The Austro-Hungarian Empire. There are similar ones in Germany and Slovakia, but they don’t work for a long time. And “Gamora” has been operating every day for more than 150 years, and in the 1930s it was even one of the four Metalworking enterprises Subcarpathian Rus.

In the forge, you can see a furnace and four hammers weighing up to 125 kilograms. To work with them, 16 blacksmiths were needed, and now they are forced to move by water jets that fall on a wooden wheel. Of the five such wheels, only two remain. When “Gama” products (shovels, hoes, axes, horseshoes) were exported to Hungary, Romanian, Yugoslavia. Until the 1990s, Gamora operated at full capacity, but the floods of 1998 and 2001 destroyed the dam in Lisichevo, and Gamora suspended its operation. At the end of 2001, the building was leased by the Petrovtsev family, they built a new dam and repaired the forge. In July, the forge annually hosts the all-Ukrainian festival of blacksmithing arts “Gamora”.

Entrance to the forge-the museum Gamora is free. There is a cafe next to the blacksmith shop where you can enjoy national dish:bograch, Hominy, tokan.

Photos of Lisichevo and the gamora forge Museum»

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