The museum’s exposition is divided into two departments – historical and ethnographic – and includes more than 900 exhibits. 640 of them are original and date mainly from the early twentieth century.
The ethnographic section is conditionally divided into subsections, where the exhibits representing the cycle of fabric production – from the plant to the finished cloth – deserve special attention. In the museum hall, you can see the spinning wheel used by housewives to make thread, the loom and other tools that helped peasants and artisans to make their daily work easier. The items of folk life used by the great-grandparents of the modern Svaliava residents are in working order. A guide demonstrates how all these antiquities work. Visitors have the opportunity to take part in this interesting process. You can learn a lot of interesting things from the stories of the museum staff. For example, how Count Schönborn’s boots ended up in the exhibition, what features of the ornamentation on the sleeves of authentic embroidered shirts of local women could be used to find out the status and age of the owner of traditional clothes, and what dress styles were worn by women from Svalyava in the 30s and 60s of the last century.
In addition, the ethnographic department presents the interior of a house from the village of Chernyk in the early twentieth century (it is a typical three-room log structure consisting of a house, a stable and a barn), and you can also see ancient tools, clothes, rubber and wooden shoes, and handicrafts.
In the historical section of the museum, you can see archival and illustrative materials, as well as photographic documents. They cover the history of the city and the district and tell about famous local cultural figures.
For schoolchildren, the guide will certainly show textbooks and notebooks of students who attended school in the early twentieth century.
The photographs from almost a century ago show a Svalyava that no longer exists, with one-storey buildings in the centre of the village. In the middle of the last century, multi-storey buildings grew up where there were private buildings a hundred years ago. In 1957, Svaliava became a city with intensive industrial development. And in the photographs of the central part of modern Svaliava, dated 1910-1930, the townspeople recognise only an oak tree and several buildings built in the 20s and 30s of the last century. Of course, the oak tree was a local “old-timer” a hundred years ago, too – the tree is about 450 years old.
The value of historical museums in general, and the Svalyava one in particular, is that locals have the opportunity to look at familiar cityscapes through the prism of centuries, to learn about the peculiarities of the life of previous generations of their countrymen, and tourists can get an idea of what historical events and historical figures left their mark on these lands.
- Adults: UAH 2.
- Children’s tickets – UAH 1.
Cost of excursions:
- For adults – 10 UAH.
- For children – 5 UAH.
The museum’s address is 33 Holovna St., Svalyava.
GPS: 48.547147 22.987199.
The museum is open from 9:00 to 4:00 pm. Lunch break is from 12:00 to 1:00 pm.
Phone: +38 (095) 328-59-72.