Mukachevo

Мукачево – райцентр в центральній частині Закарпаття, стародавнє місто, відоме ще з 896 року (хроніка Аноніма). Населення – більше 80 тис. жителів. Мукачево друге за розмірами місто Закарпатської області, і по кількості пам’яток воно не поступається Ужгороду. Місто, де століттями жили пліч о пліч представники різних національностей і культур (оскільки Мукачево знаходилось на перехресті торгівельних шляхів), в результаті отримало свою власну яскраво виражену індивідуальність.

Документальна історія Мукачева ведеться з IX століття, але археологи знайшли на окраїні міста кельтський металургійний центр – другий за розмірами в Європі! А відтак, історія міста почалась задовго до першої згадки в документах. Мукачево лежить на берегах річки Латориці, на місця де зустрічаються Вулканічні Карпати і Закарпатська рівнина. Місто стоїть на перехресті міжнародних шляхів: через нього пролягають залізничні магістралі Київ-Рим і Київ-Відень, а також автомобільні дороги Київ-Прага і Київ-Відень.

Mukachevo received the status of a privileged city in 1376 from the hands of Queen Elizabeth, and in 1445 the city received Magdeburg rights. In those days, the city was famous for its well-fed pigs. Paragraph 15 of the state law of 1518 States that Mukachevo is obliged to provide fat to the kings of Hungary. In the XVII century from the city of Nodbani Hungarian kings moved to Mukachevo mint, which operated in 1627-1713. For this tasty piece of Transcarpathia for several centuries, the rulers of Austria and Transylvanian princes fought. And in the time of the princes Rakoczy the city of Mukachevo even received the status of the capital-however, not for long (1633-1711). Continued time on the city was owned by counts Sanborni – and the city was freed from this feudal dependence only after the revolution of 1848. In 1886, a railroad ran through the city, which gave it a new impetus for development.

After the collapse Habsburg empire the Hungarian government, by law No. 10 of 21 December 1918, proclaimed the creation of a semi-Autonomous Russian Country with its capital in Mukachevo. But in April 1919 the city was occupied Romanian вand soon it became part of Czechoslovakia. Czech the period was distinguished by a new reconstruction of the city. Before the renovation of Mukachevo, Czech architects and engineers were involved. The General urban plan, designed by the engineer Cipariem, changed the city for the better. Many remarkable buildings in the constructivist style appeared just then (children’s hospital, polyclinic, former teachers ‘Institute, shopping arcade of the company “Latoritsa”, residential buildings for officials and officers). At the same time, the riverbed of Latoritsa was settled, and on its left Bank planted dendropark.

For centuries, Mukachevo and Uzhgorod were not only neighboring cities, but also rivals. To this day, the spiritual authorities of almost all faiths are located on the banks of Latorica, not on the banks of the river. Uzha. Uzhgorod attracted more officials, and Mukachevo-merchants and officers. Still visible on the facades of houses in Mukachevo are old advertising signs of shops that existed here in the times of Hungary or the Czech Republic. In Soviet times, Mukachevo was a major military center.

Now Mukachevo has become a big city tourist center of Western Ukraine. Most tourists visit Mukachevo in January during the annual festival «Cervene wine» which is visited by winemakers from all over Transcarpathia. I advise everyone to attend this wonderful event at least once in their lives. Believe me, You won’t regret it.

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