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Solotvyno

One of the main summer locations for a beach holiday in Transcarpathia is undoubtedly a unique urban-type settlement in Solotvyno, Tyachiv district. It is located in an extremely picturesque place in the middle of the foothills Carpathians between the Magura and Salavan ranges at an altitude of 200-300 metres above sea level. The waters of the mighty mountain river Tisza flow nearby. The population of the multinational Solotvyno is approximately 9 thousand people. For centuries, Ukrainians, Romanians, Hungarians and representatives of many other nationalities have been peacefully coexisting here. The main attraction of Solotvyno is its unique salt lakes, which are as good as the Dead Sea in terms of their healing properties.

Солотвино

History of Solotvyno

Solotvyno has a very long history. Until 1945, there were two villages on the site of the modern village of Solotvyno in the Transcarpathian region. One of them was mentioned in the sources under the names Slatina, Zlatina and Faluslatina, and the other – Slatinsky Doly and Aknaslatina. They appeared in the distant thirteenth century. Thus, throughout its long history, Solotvyno has changed its name several times. All of them are somehow connected with Solotvyno’s main wealth – salt. Thus, Zlatina means salt water in Romanian. For centuries, it has been a strategically important place because of its large salt deposits. In ancient times, salt was very valuable, it was even called white gold.

In the II-IV centuries AD, the Romans owned salt mines in modern Solotvyno. However, salt mines appeared here even earlier – approximately in the ninth century B.C. All this is confirmed by archaeological research, and the remains of the oldest salt mining sites, the Gortsy salt mine, are classified as archaeological monuments.

However, the first information about Solotvyno was recorded in written sources much later – in 1359. It was in that year that Solotvyno, together with neighbouring Romanian villages, became the property of the Dragos family from Bedeu (the then name of the modern Transcarpathian village of Bedevlya).

Over the course of its history, Solotvyno itself has repeatedly changed its feudal lords. However, the salt mines themselves were owned for centuries by monarchs, first Hungarian and later Austrian. In the Middle Ages, salt was as valuable as gold. A special trade route was set up in Transcarpathia to transport salt to Central and Western Europe. The entire so-called “Salt Route” was equipped with a network of defensive fortifications and castles. The Hungarian kings settled German colonists from Saxony in these places, who organised the work of salt mines. The Germans called Solotvyno Salzgruben. The mines were mostly staffed by local peasants. Labour at the mines was so hard that criminals sentenced to hard labour had to be involved in the most difficult work. Very often, local workers staged strikes and uprisings against inhumane working conditions.

After the Kurucs’ uprising in 1703-1711, Solotvyno was finally transferred to the Austrian Habsburg Empire. During their reign, salt production intensified significantly, which was facilitated by the construction of deep mines. In the second half of the eighteenth century, Solotvyno began commercial salt production.

In Soviet times, salt production was significantly intensified. It grew every year. In the 1980s, up to 1 million tonnes of salt were extracted annually.

Solotvyno salt is very valuable. The fact is that it is very pure. It has a purity level of 90-95%, which is one of the best in the world.

Since 1968, Solotvyno salt mines have been actively used for the prevention and treatment of respiratory diseases. For this purpose, the allergy section of the Solotvyno town hospital was opened. Treatment procedures in salt mines are particularly effective for patients with bronchial asthma. The effectiveness of such treatment ranges from 80 to 95%. It is no surprise that Solotvyno has become known all over the world thanks to the healing air of the salt mines. A huge number of people have been able to improve their health here.

Intensive salt extraction led to the development of karst processes and the appearance of the first artificial salt lakes. Thus, in 1902, the first and largest salt lake, Kunigunda, appeared in Solotvyno. According to legend, the name of the lake comes from the wife of Kyiv Prince Yaropolk, who loved to relax in the midst of the magical nature of these places.

A more probable version of the lake’s name is that it comes from the name Kunigunda, which is derived from the 13th-century Catholic saint Kunigunda (Kunikunda) of Hungary (Saint Kinga), who was the daughter of Hungarian King Bela IV and the wife of Polish Prince Bolesław V.

The salt lakes were almost immediately used for recreational purposes.

However, karst processes, in addition to the positive effects of healing lakes, have also had negative consequences. Karst processes intensified in the 2000s and led to the flooding of mines and the cessation of salt production. The main reason for this is the catastrophic floods of 1995-1996 and 2001.

Nowadays, Solotvyno is developing primarily thanks to tourists who improve their health in the local salt lakes. Although, after the temporary occupation of salt mines in eastern Ukraine, the issue of reviving full-fledged salt production in Solotvyno is being considered. The local salt reserves are estimated at 135 million tonnes, which should be enough for the whole of Ukraine for more than 200 years. The mines are planned to be restored with the simultaneous revival of the underground departments of the Allergic Hospital.

Temperature in Solotvyno now:

9.3o C   |   48.8o F

Map of attractions in Solotvyno

The most interesting places in Solotvyno

Солотвинські озера

Solotvyno Lakes

Since independence, the Solotvyno lakes have become Ukraine’s version of the Dead Sea. The composition of the water in these reservoirs is very similar to their big brother in Israel. The salt content in the waters of the Solotvyno lakes reaches 200 ppm. For comparison, the average salinity of sea water is only 35 ppm.

Due to their unique chemical composition, the water and mud of Solotvyno lakes have a strong bactericidal, anti-inflammatory and rejuvenating effect.

Bathing in Solotvyno lakes and wrapping in their mud is used to treat rheumatism, rheumatic polyarthritis, osteoarthritis, deforming spondylosis, non-infectious arthritis and infectious arthritis of a certain etiology, bone injuries, sciatica, infertility, male genital diseases, urological pathologies, skin diseases, psoriasis, bronchial asthma, hypertension, atherosclerosis, myocardial dystrophy, etc.

The healing properties of water and mud have become the foundation for the rapid development of the local tourist infrastructure, especially over the past 10-15 years.

The first among the Solotvyno salt lakes was the already mentioned Kunigunda Lake. It was formed on the site of an old salt mine of the same name. More than 120 years have passed since then. During this time, the number of salt lakes in Solotvyno has increased significantly due to the development of karst processes. Today, the area of all Solotvyno lakes is almost 10 hectares.

But the most popular lake is, of course, Kunigunda. It is the largest of all the lakes in Solotvyno. Its area is 800 square metres and its depth reaches 8 metres. In addition to a high salt content (up to 270 ppm), its water has a high concentration of bromine.

When you dive into the water of this unique lake, you feel a unique weightlessness, just like on the shores of the Dead Sea. This makes it possible to swim comfortably even for those who do not know how to swim at all or are extremely overweight. It is almost impossible to drown in this lake. However, we strongly advise you not to dive into this water with your eyes open.

The most popular holidays on Solotvyno Lakes are in summer. The best time to visit is in July and August. This is when the water in the lakes warms up to a maximum of 24-28 degrees Celsius. It is during this period that swimming in it is extremely comfortable even for the most demanding tourists. However, due to the high concentration of salt, the water temperature in Lake Kunigunda never drops below 17 degrees Celsius.

In addition to salt lakes, Solotvyno has fresh and iodised water bodies. While the vast majority of people can visit salt lakes, you should always consult with specialists before swimming in iodised lakes.

Solotvyno Lakes are equipped with all the necessary tourist infrastructure. Numerous recreation centres are located near the healing lakes, guest houses and tent camps. For those arriving by car, a paid car park is available near the lakes. There are numerous cafes and restaurants near the lakes to satisfy hunger and thirst. Nearby, you can visit the food market, where you can buy local organic products at reasonable prices.

The shores of Solotvyno lakes are equipped with a sufficient number of comfortable beaches. There is everything you need for barbecue and picnics. The entrance fee to the equipped paid beach in Solotvyno in 2024 is UAH 150.

Next to the salt lake Kunigunda, at a distance of only five metres, there is a freshwater lake. It is very convenient to come here after bathing and mud treatments at Kunigunda to wash off the salt and therapeutic mud. It should be borne in mind that the temperature in this freshwater lake, unlike the salt lake, is usually much colder – at least 5-7 degrees. An alternative option for tourists to wash off salts and mud is paid showers, which are located on the beaches.

In addition, next to the central paid beach of Kunigunda, there is an artificial salt lake where you can swim for free. There is also a lake with extremely salty water nearby. The concentration of salts in it is so high that people feel a force of ejection when entering the lake only up to knee level. Swimming in this lake is not recommended.

The picture of the tourist paradise is completed by the magnificent landscapes of the Carpathians, which soothe after the stress of the city bustle and fill the soul with harmony and peace.

Солотвинська обласна алергологічна лікарня

Solotvyno Regional Allergy Hospital

Another well-known tourist location in Solotvyno is the Solotvyno Regional Allergy Hospital, a municipal non-profit enterprise.

The building of this healthcare facility was built in 1864 thanks to the efforts of Hungarian Bishop Pavel. This monumental building with one-metre high walls was called Pavel Furetkert and served as a winter residence for the dignitary.

After Soviet rule came to Solotvyno, the former bishop’s residence was turned into a tuberculosis sanatorium.

In 1968-1972, the sanatorium was reorganised into an allergy hospital. The very idea of using salt mines for the treatment and prevention of respiratory diseases was borrowed from the Poles, who at that time began to use their underground salt mines in this way.

Although the underground department of this hospital, which used to be located at a depth of 300 metres, was flooded due to karst processes, the hospital continues to heal people with the help of specially equipped rooms and procedures, of which there are as many as 12 types.

The hospital treats a wide range of respiratory diseases, including bronchial asthma, transmissible diseases, allergic rhinitis, rhinosinusopathy, pollenosis, etc.

A picturesque 7.3-hectare park is located next to the medical facility. It is an ideal place for walks after medical procedures, where you can admire mighty maples, ash trees, linden trees, spruce trees, beeches, hornbeams, oaks and even an exotic vinegar tree. The oldest oak tree in the park has been growing here for over 300 years.

Музей історії солекопалень

After medical and recreational procedures in Solotvyno, to broaden your horizons and learn about the history of this region, you should definitely visit the local Museum of Salt Mines. The museum was founded back in 1973. It was founded by Karl Lukacs (1924-2008), who spent his entire life studying salt mining in Zakarpattia. Today, the museum is run by his son.

In 2021, the Solotvyno village council allocated a new room for the museum’s exposition. The museum will tell you in detail about the peculiarities of the incredibly hard work of ancient miners, introduce you to miners’ clothes and their varieties, their lanterns and lamps, show you the tools and engineering structures used by miners to extract salt, and present documents, maps and photographs that reflect the history of salt mines.

What else to see near Solotvyno?

Скелі закоханих у селі Костилівка Рахівського району
The cliff-rock or Lovers' Rocks above the village of Kostylivka in the Rakhiv district of Transcarpathian region is a Ukrainian
Страусина ферма у Хусті
There are many interesting places to visit when travelling in Khust district. One of these locations is the Ostrich Farm,
Озеро Кунігунда
Kunigunda (also known as Kunikunda) is the largest of the salt lakes of anthropogenic origin located on the western outskirts
Музей історії солекопалень
This unique museum tells the story of the development of salt deposits in the Transcarpathian region. The museum was founded
Водоспад Труфанець
Trufanets (Trofanets) is a waterfall in the Ukrainian Carpathians. A hydrological monument of nature of local importance. It is considered
Хустський замок
Why should you visit the Khust castle? Because this is a place with an interesting and long history. A majestic
Центр Європи біля Рахова
The geographic center of Europe, marked with a geodetic sign, is located between the settlements of Dilove and Kostylivka of
Водоспад Женецький Гук
Zhenetskii Huk (Zhenetski Vodospad) is a waterfall in the Ukrainian Carpathians, on the Zhenets stream (a left tributary of the

Where to stay in Solotvyno?

In Solotvyno and its surroundings, you can find many different options for accommodation. Despite the growing flow of tourists, there are always free places for holidaymakers. The infrastructure of Solotvyno and its surroundings is saturated with a huge number of large and small hotels.

Among the hotel complexes in Solotvyno you should pay attention to the Solotvyno Resort, Lotus & Spa Resort, Praha Hotel, Nikoletta Hotel, Romantik Hotel, Viola Hotel, Fiesta Resort Hotel and Lumei Guest House. Prices here start from 540 UAH.

If you want to achieve maximum savings on accommodation without sacrificing comfort, you should consider the following options private manors in Solotvyno and the surrounding area. Prices here start from 100 UAH per room. Most of the accommodation options have the necessary appliances for cooking and storing food, which will help you to reduce your travel budget as much as possible.

The best hotels

База відпочинку «Relax» (Солотвино)
Ozerna Street, Solotvyno
+380 ....
from 1000 ₴/night
Готель «Solotvyno Resort» (Солотвино)
2 Rybnyk tract, Solotvyno
+380 ....
from 1200 ₴/day
Готель «Fiesta» у Солотвино
Kryange street, Solotvyno village
+380 ....
from 700 ₴/day
Готель «Romantik» у Солотвино
42, Kryange str., Solotvyno village
+380 ....
from 1000 ₴/day
Готель «Nikoletta» у Солотвино
Kryange street, Solotvyno village
+380 ....
from 1200 ₴/day
Готель PRAHA у Солотвино
Kryange street, Solotvyno village
+380 ....
from 1900 ₴/day
Готель «Lotus & SPA» у Солотвино
Kryange street, Solotvyno village
+380 ....
from 1400 ₴/day
Гостьовий будинок Lumei
122 Ivan Franko Street, Solotvyno
+380 ....
from 446 ₴/day
Готель «Віола» у Солотвино
73, Kryange str., Solotvyno village
+380 ....
from 250 ₴/day
Садиба «Мімоза» у Солочині
95 Ozerna St., Solotvyno village
+380 ....
from 300 ₴/day

Where to eat in Solotvyno?

The multinational composition of Solotvyno has created an incredible mix of recipes and traditions in the local cuisine. There are Romanian, Hungarian and Ukrainian dominant culinary trends with a mixture of recipes from many other ethnicities and cultures.

Solotvyno has a variety of establishments, from fashionable restaurants to modest cafes, where you can get to know the local culinary delights.

Most large hotel complexes in Solotvyno have their own restaurants. Among them, the most popular options are the Rybnyk restaurant at the Solotvyno Resort health complex, as well as Viola, Diana and Edera at the hotels of the same name.

If you want to visit a pizzeria, the best options for tasting this popular Italian dish in Solotvyno are the Family Restaurant and Pizza Solotvyno.

Among the cafes in Solotvyno, the café “Status”, which is located in the very centre of the village, and “Maramuresh”, which is located near the Museum of Solokopalenia, can boast of an extremely good price-quality ratio.

All Solotvyno’s dining establishments are equipped to European standards, and the staff is as friendly and helpful as possible.

Ресторан-кафе Статус
1 Gagarina St., Solotvyno village
+380 ....
Кафе «Марамуреш» у Солотвино
6A, Kharkivska str., Solotvyno village
+380 ....
Піцерія «Піца-Солотвино»
71, Sportyvna St., Solotvyno village
+380 ....
Ресторан-піцерія Family
59 Sportyvna St., Solotvyno village
+380 ....
Ресторан «Едера» у Солотвино
115 Sportyvna St., Solotvyno village
+380 ....
Ресторан «Diana» у Солотвино
18, Tyachivska St., Solotvyno village
+380 ....
Ресторан "Віола" у Солотвино
73, Kryange str., Solotvyno village
+380 ....
Ресторан «Рибник»
Rybnyk tract, 2, Solotvyno village
+380 ....

Tours and excursions

How to get to Solotvyno?

It is not difficult to get to Solotvyno. The Romanian border is located next to the village, along which the H-09 highway runs, which is the easiest way to get here by car.

Solotvyno has its own railway station, which has regular train connections with Kyiv (Kyiv-Solotvyno train) and Zaporizhzhia (Zaporizhzhia-Solotvyno train). In addition, there are suburban trains from the village of Koroleva and Dyakova.

There are also regular buses from Rakhiv, Khust, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kamianets-Podilskyi, Kolomyia and other cities and villages.

In general, a voyage to Solotvyno will be an extraordinary source of energy and health for you for the whole year.

Detailed weather