The reserve “Enchanted valley»


In Irshavsky district Zakarpattia region on the territory Of the national natural Park “Enchanted land” is the reserve “Enchanted valley”, which contains two natural objects of national significance: the tract Smerekovy Kamen near the village of Ilnitsa, on the southern slopes of mount Buzhera, in the upper reaches of the Spruce stream, and a unique European sphagnum swamp Black bagno (sphagnum-swamp moss, which forms peat). The enchanted valley is called the most original rock mass in Ukraine. The outcrops of the parent rock to the surface here created high rocks in the form of fantastic creatures. Weathering has sanded these figures out of light gray calcite. A little imagination – and stone giants turn into pyramids or people, into fangs of dragons or ruins castle’s. На стражі цього дива стоїть величний 20-метровий Смерековий Камінь. Дивовижні ландшафти, рідкісні і вимираючі види рослин – ось головне багатство заказника. Його площа – 150 гектарів. Назву «Зачарована долина» запропонував в 1930 році закарпатський натураліст Петро Сова.

Near the valley and villages of Osiy, in the Kamenka tract, there is a tourist and health camp “Enchanted valley” for 70 places. Vacationers make masks from local clay, impregnated with mineral water, and bathe in a cast-iron boiler filled with the same mineral water.

On the crest of the Bolshoy Dol ridge, next to the Buzhera mountain and the Enchanted valley, at an altitude of 800 meters above sea level, there is the Black bagno sphagnum swamp, where rare plants grow (round-leaved Dewdrop, cranberry, broad-leaved fluff, black dropsy). Black swamp is called because of the high content of peat. The swamp has important hydrological significance. It originates the river Irshava. The area of the Black Bagulnik is 15 hectares. Unfortunately, in recent years, the swamp has become very dry. Near the swamp, in the vicinity of the village of Black Stream, there is a two-story recreation center for 70 people. By the way, there is a legend about the origin of the name of the village Black Stream. Once in ancient times, a tall spruce was struck by lightning, the tree caught fire – and it burned everything around. Nothing grew on the site of the fire for many years. Then the stream that ran alongside began to cry black tears. Tears drenched the ground – and it began to come to life, covered with vegetation. Skeptics, however, claim that this place used to burn charcoal, which darkened the water.

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