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Ugolsko-Shyrokoluzhanskyi protected area

Near the villages of Mala Uholka, Velyka Uholka and Uhlya, in the interfluve of the Tereblya and Teresva rivers, the Ugolsko Shyrolyuzhanskyi massif of the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve is located. Tourists are attracted by the vertical karst caves, of which there are more than thirty. A significant part of the Uholsky massif is located in the Tyachiv district, and some are in the neighbouring Khust district. The most famous cave, Druzhba (or Romany), is over 900 metres long and is the largest cave in the Ukrainian Carpathians.

Угольсько-Широколужанський заповідний масив

Photos and videos of the Uholsko-Shyrokoluzhanskyi protected area

Brief overview

🗺 Location N48°17′47″ E23°38′53″
🔰 Founded 1968
🗾 Area 15580 hectares
🌲 Nature Reserve Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
🧭 Distance from Kolochava 23 km
🚙 Road for Auto and on foot
🏕 Stop with a tent Yes
🏡 Housing nearby Kolochava
☕ Cafes and shops Kolochava

Ugolsky massif is a cave paradise of the Carpathians

Other underground karst wonders include the Stone Gate, Crest, Pearl, Chertizh, Princess, Dibs, Vyv, Hole Stone, Transparent Walls, Bear’s Fang, Milk Stone, Thermoxa Mala, and Sanatorium caves. The Transparent Walls Cave was included in the Ukrainian Book of Records because its walls are covered with milk-coloured calcite with green streaks, making it look like a giant aquarium. Unfortunately, the Transcarpathian caves are not open for tours. Their entrances are located at an altitude of 100-300 metres above sea level.

Archaeologists have found a campsite of Stone Age hunters (more than 20,000 years ago) in the Milk Stone Cave. You don’t have to go underground to see the karst wonders: the Ugolsky massif has an amazing “Karst Bridge”, a natural arch in the Chur tract, which was also mentioned in a letter to Tsar Ivan the Terrible by Moscow ambassadors in 1552. Legends say that there was once a pagan temple in the Chur tract, and also hint at the existence of a huge, still unexplored cave near the tract.

The Ugolsky massif boasts the tallest beech trees in Ukraine (up to 40 metres) and the largest natural population of yew trees (over 1500 trees). The massif’s kilometre-long limestone ridge (“Hrebin”) is home to many relict and endemic plant species, including the only place in Ukraine where beech juniper and Cossack juniper are found. The local forests are home to deer, roe deer, wild pigs, foxes, lynxes, bears, martens, weasels, badgers, muskrats, alpine and forest cats. The bird world is represented by the grey crow, owl, pigeon, black starling, woodpeckers and exotic black storks that nest only in wild forests. The clean mountain rivers are home to trout, grayling, chub, chub and chub. More than 500 species of plants grow in Uholka, 27 of which are rare.

Another cave system is located several tens of kilometres from Uholka, in the Cherlenyi Kamen tract near the village of Neresnytsia. There are four large multi-tiered caves ranging in length from 200 to 700 metres and 24-56 metres deep.

To visit the caves, you need to obtain a special permit from the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve.

The members of the Uholka speleological club will help you to get to know the caves better. Remember that caves are balanced ecosystems, and for an unprepared tourist they can be very dangerous, so you need to be very careful when visiting them.

How to get to the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve?

To reach the Druzhba cave, you have to climb 500 metres through a beech forest on the outskirts of the village of Mala Uholka. The depth of the explored sections of Druzhba is 45 metres, the temperature is +8°C at any time of the year, and the humidity is 95%.

 Walking route

🔰 Start From the outskirts of the village of Mala Uholka
🚶 Walking distance 12 km
🕒 Estimated time to complete the route 4 hours
⬆ Rise From 296 to 576 m

On the map

What’s interesting nearby?

Other places of interest

Угольсько-Широколужанський заповідний масив
Near the villages of Mala Uholka, Velyka Uholka and Uhlya, in the interfluve of the Tereblya and Teresva rivers, the
Свято-Михайлівський храм
The most famous historical landmark of the village of Negrovets, Khust district, Zakarpattia region, is the wooden Michael Church with
Дерев’яний собор Святого Духа
The Church of the Descent of the Holy Spirit was built in the 18th century with elements of the Baroque
Бункер «Лінія Арпада»
During the Second World War, the Hungarian government built a military defense line in the north-eastern Carpathians - the Arpad
Етнографічний центр І. Ольбрахта
The ethnographic center of the famous Czech writer I. Olbracht, where he collected national material for his famous works, is
Скансен у Колочаві
First of all, you need to visit the village-museum of Kolochava, where 10 unique objects of cultural heritage with a

Tours and excursions

Accommodation nearby

Готель «Kolochava» (Колочава)
76 Shevchenka St., Kolochava village
+380 ....
from 700₴/day
Готель «Ажіо» у Колочаві
81A Shevchenko St., Kolochava village
+380 ....
from 300₴/day
Kolo Gir Hotel, Kolochava
street Druzhbi, 243a, Kolochava
+380 ....

from 600 ₴/night
Hotel "Kolochava Eco Resort", Kolochava
Kolochava, Zakarpattia region, 90043
+380 ....

from 2000 ₴ / night
The farmstead "Sukhar", Kolochava
20 Borkanyuka, Kolochava, Transcarpathia
+380 ....

from 1500₴/night

Leisure activities nearby

Ресторан Kolochava (Колочава)
Transcarpathian region, Khust district, Kolochava village, 76 Shevchenko street
+380 ....
Ресторан «Ажіо» у Колочаві
Transcarpathian region, Khust district, Kolochava village, 81A Shevchenko street
+380 ....
Tavern "Setnicka stanica" in Kolochava
Shevchenko Street, 50B, Kolochava, Zakarpattia region, 90043
+380 ....
Hut "Fish Fish" in Kolochava
Ukraine, Zakarpattia region, Khust district, Kolochava village, Vozzyednannya street, 22
+380 ....