Features of Transcarpathian folklore


Without songs, music and dancing, it is impossible to imagineTranscarpathians. At the same time, it does not matter whether it is a plaintive and sad singing of a peasant tired of hard life, or a bold and bold song opryshkov, or a lullaby, affectionate maiden, or a joke Kolomyjka – the song sounds everywhere. It reflected important socio-political events, and everyday life, a variety of feelings and moods.

Folk art is best preserved in mountain areas of Transcarpathia, where cultural ties are significantly limited.

Transcarpathian folk dances are also peculiar. They differ in small rhythmic movements “under themselves”, which resemble jumping over mountain streams, rocks and fallen trees. The most distinctive of them fighting Hutsul Arkan, female “Carioca” and Hungarian male dance “Chardash”.

Amaze music lovers Transcarpathian folk instruments.Their sound is reproduced by members of Amateur and professional folk ensembles. The main place among them is occupied by the Transcarpathian folk choir-an artistic group without which it is difficult to imagine the modern culture of the region.

The main role in the folk music of the region is traditionally played by the violin. Popular are bass and double bass. The task of creating a rhythmic, harmonious background in the musical composition and amplification of the bass base of the melody is a stringed instrument cymbals.

Since ancient times, the inhabitants of the Carpathians have learned to extract sounds using plant leaves, tree bark, wood chips, etc. They have created these easy to make tools like skove, Talinka, gerbil or tilinka. Mountaineers make signal pipes from the trunk of larch or spruce – trembits. Many people know the sound of the Carpathian sopilka. A similar tool is available for the Hungarian population of the region – this is Furuya, and in Romanian Transcarpathia-flyer.

In addition to the pipe, the inhabitants of the mountains have long used drymba. She until recently, it was one of the most common tools.

Today, music, songs and dances can be listened to and seen at concerts, fairs, and folk art festivals.

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