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Ruins of Kvasovo Castle

In the village of Kvasovo, Beregove district, there are ruins of a 12th-century feudal castle built in the Romanesque style. Kvasovo has been known since the XII century. The population of the village is about 900 people. In 2004, for the first time in many decades, the ruins were cleaned up and cleared of impenetrable vineyards. Today, one of the oldest Ukrainian castles has been preserved in the form of fragments of walls located on a fifteen-metre-high hill above the Borzhava River.

The Kvasovo Fortress is considered one of the earliest fortifications not only Transcarpathia, and Ukraine as a whole.

Руїни Квасівського замку

Photos and videos of the ruins of Kvasovo Castle

Brief overview

🗺 Location N48°11′11″ E22°46′13″
🏰 First mention XII century
🏛 Style Roman
🛠 Status Ruins
🧱 Material Rough stone, brick
🧭 Distance from Beregove 12 km
🚙 Road for Car, on foot
🏕 Stop with a tent No
🏡 Housing nearby Beregove
☕ Cafes and shops Beregove

Description of Minta Castle in the village of Kvasovo

The exact date of construction is unknown. Based on the analysis of the remains of the castle ruins, as well as written references, archaeologists suggest that the castle was built in the 12th-13th centuries. There is also an alternative version, after excavations in 2009, an unexpected conclusion was made that the castle was probably built in the 16th century.

In the west, the fortress is surrounded by a deep moat. The castle was triangular in plan, with walls about 1.3 metres thick. The walls of the round dungeon tower, the oldest part of the castle, were two metres thick. A building with an unknown purpose adjoined the fortress from the east. According to scientists, the fortress was originally built of stones and wood. The fortress in Kvasovo was located in a strategically important place, from which it was possible to control the overland salt trade route, as well as the exit from the Borzhava valley.

The construction of the fortress was based on raw stone. Examining the remains of the walls, one can find interspersed bricks. It was probably used in later stages for the reconstruction of the building.

History of the Kvasovo Fortress

According to historical documents, the first owner of the castle in 1390 was Janos, the son of the feudal lord Yuri Nodmigali. Before that, the fortress was in Hungarian royal ownership.

After the death of Janos (date unknown), a struggle for the right to own the fortress began, which was won by the Batory family by a court decision.

In 1549, the owner of the fortress, Elizabeth Ekchi, sold it to Pavlo Motuznaia. The new owner of the Kvasovo Castle was actively engaged in robbery and plunder, the victims of which were both ordinary peasants and, on occasion, nobles. Eventually, the patience of the Hungarian nobility came to an end. In 1564, the Hungarian noblemen’s sejm, which was convened in Pozsony (the old name of Bratislava), decided to destroy the Kvasovo fortress. In addition, the nobles decided to confiscate all of Pavlo Motuznaia’s property to the state treasury. The robber himself escaped punishment by hiding in the neighbouring Bronets Castle. However, according to available historical sources, the Kvasovo stronghold was not completely destroyed during this military operation. In addition, the castle continued to be ruled by representatives of the Motuznai family. The relevant royal charters have been preserved to confirm these facts. The year in which Kvasovo Castle was completely destroyed is still a mystery.

It is known that the fortress was actively inhabited during the 17th and 18th centuries. It was during this period that 2-storey residential premises and large cellars were built.

In the middle of the 19th century, a topographical map of Kvasovo village was created, which is still kept in the Transcarpathian archive. It clearly shows that the building is in a generally intact condition.

The castle buildings, still in good condition, were described in an article by journalist Beila Lukacs published in the Bereh newspaper in 1889. Emil Turani, the publisher of the unique monthly Kvasovo village magazine LONT, also made efforts to study the history of the fortress and Kvasovo itself.

The article describes the structure of the fortress in detail. The first floor was almost completely preserved at that time. There were windows in the walls, covered with metal bars, and the roof was covered with shingles. A ruined well with the date “1794” carved into it was found in the courtyard, probably indicating the last reconstruction.

Gradually, the ancient fortress was almost completely dismantled for building materials by local residents, who did not think about the archaeological and cultural value of the historical monument.

In 2009, the Uzhgorod National University organised an archaeological expedition to excavate the ancient Krasiv Castle. The aim was to establish the exact date of creation and the chronology of events of the legendary fortress.

Having examined the materials found (ceramics, metal products, remains), the archaeologists suggested that the fortress could have been built in the 16th century.

How to get to Kvasovo Castle?

From the sanatorium Beregovo There are regular minibuses to Kvasovo. You can also get here by the Irshava highway. It is not difficult to find the castle. In the centre of the village, behind the two-storey school building, you can immediately see the 800-year-old remains of the fortress. Kvasovo is located to the east of the district centre of Berehove at a distance of 12 km. The Greek Catholic Church of 1895 and the Pohani estate are located near the fortress.

The distance to Borzhava is 9.6 km.

Coordinates: E 48.186389 °, 22.770278 °.

 Walking route

🔰 Start From the Greek Catholic Church in the village of Kvasovo
🚶 Walking distance 500 m
🕒 Approximate time 6 minutes
⬆ Rise Mostly without ups and downs

On the map

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Tours and excursions

Accommodation nearby

Готель «ФКока»
St. 61, Muzhayska, Berehove
+380 ....
from 600₴/day
Hotel "Villa Fenix"
St. B. Khmelnytskoho, 83, Berehove
+380 ....
from 1000₴/day
Садиба «Турул»
St. Koryatovycha, 2B, Berehove
+380 ....
from 900₴/day
Готель «Villa Eden DeLux»
St. Shevchenko, 12, Yanoshi
+380 ....
from 600₴/day
Мотель «Ріта»
St. Mikesha, 3, Berehove
+380 ....
from 500₴/day
Готель «Praktik»
St. B. Khmelnytskogo, 101, Berehove
+380 ....
from 500₴/day
Готель «Золота Пава»
Berehove, Rakotsi square, 1
+380 ....
from 1000₴/day
Готель «Жайворонок»
Berehovo, str. Shevchenko, 112
+380 ....
from 1000₴/day
Вілла «Писанка» (Велика Бийгань)
village of Velyka Byihan
+380 ....
from 800₴/day
Садиба «Villa Vera» (Берегове)
1A Koryatovycha St., Beregovo
+380 ....
from 600₴/day
Апартаменти "Лізак" (Берегове)
37 Novyi Bazar St., Beregovo
+380 ....
from 1000₴/day
Садиба «ЕЛЬЗА» в Берегові
21 Koryatovycha St., Beregovo
+380 ....
from 250₴/person
Садиба «АДЕЛЬ» (Берегово)
27 Koryatovycha St., Beregovo
+380 ....
from 300₴/person
Садиба "Ніна" у Берегове
71 Lehotskoho St., Beregovo
+380 ....
from 250₴/person
Садиба «Турул»
St. Koryatovycha, 2B, Berehove
+380 ....
from 900₴/day
Вілла «Canada»
St. Zh. Moritsa, 93, Kidesh
+380 ....
from 2000₴/day
Котеджі «FrenchTown»
St. Shevchenko, 130, Berehove
+380 ....
from 1200₴/day
St. Mukachivska, 76, Berehove
+380 ....
from 400₴/day
Садиба «Мапа» у Берегове
St. Molodizhna, 29, Berehove
+380 ....
from 450₴/day

Leisure activities nearby

Кав'ярня-кондитерська «Мазанка» (Берегове)
13 B. Khmelnytskoho St., Beregovo
+380 ....
Ресторан «Практик» (Берегове)
101, B. Khmelnytskoho St., Beregovo
+380 ....
Ресторан «Чарда Паприка» (Берегове)
3 Koryatovycha St., Beregovo
+380 ....
Ресторан «Золота Пава» (Берегове)
1, Ferenc Rakoczy Square, Beregovo
+380 ....