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Borzhava Castle

The village of Vary is located near the border with Hungary in the Beregovo district of the Transcarpathian region. It is home to just over three thousand people. This village was severely damaged by the flood of 2001. Some houses still have pink streaks on them – this was the water level during the flood. After this tragedy, special protective dams were built on the Borzhava River, which merges with the Tysa River.

The chronicle of the Hungarian Anonym says that when the Hungarians came to Transcarpathia, they encountered resistance from the defenders of the wooden fortress of Borsho, which once protected the salt trade route on the site of the present-day village of Vary.

Картина Боржавського замка

This castle belonged to the Bulgarian Prince Salan. Despite the heroic resistance, the Hungarians managed to capture this stronghold in 903. Later, instead of the wooden one, the Hungarians built a stone fortress. However, Borsső Fortress was overcome by the Tatar-Mongol conquerors, who in 1241-1243 swept across Central Europe in a fiery tornado. In 1566, as a result of a Turkish campaign, the fortress was finally destroyed.

Photos and videos of Borzhava castle ruins

A brief overview

🗺 Location N48°07′30″ E22°42′38″
🏰 First mention 903 (1320)
🛠 Status Ruins
🧭 Distance from Beregovo 16 km
🚙 Road for Car, on foot
🏕 Stop with a tent Yes
🏡 Housing nearby Beregovo
☕ Cafes and shops Beregovo

History of Borzhava Castle near the village of Vary

Borzhava Castle is one of the oldest monuments in Transcarpathia. The history of the legendary fortress can often be found in numerous Transcarpathian legends and historical documents. Unfortunately, today there is little left of the castle, and only ancient ruins remind us of the cultic significance of the building, and it is of more archaeological than architectural interest.

Borzhava Fortress is located near the village of Vary in Beregovo district. To find the fortress, you need to walk 200 metres in the south-western direction. Visiting the fortress, you can clearly see that around the perimeter there are fortifications in the form of an earthen embankment, the so-called ramparts.

To date, there are no reliable facts, but it is quite possible that the nearby settlements of Vary and Borzhava were created thanks to the fortress. This is a common phenomenon, because settlements were almost always created around large castles to provide the inhabitants of the castle with food and clothing.

Location features of the Borzhava fortress

If you look at Borzhava Castle from above, you will see that it is located between two rivers: Borzhava and Tysa. They intersect each other, creating a triangle-like shape. The territory is surrounded by swamps to the west and north-east. This location created a natural defence, limiting access to the fortress.

To protect the fortress around the perimeter, a system of defensive structures was created: a wide deep ditch and a rampart, which, in turn, is additionally reinforced with protective wooden structures in the upper part. The fortification system follows the shape of the terrain, having a triangular shape with dimensions of 120 * 110 metres. Today, a wide moat (more than 10 metres wide) remains in the southeastern part of the castle, which is called the Iron Gate by the locals.

In addition to the remains of the castle, the village of Vary boasts a Reformed Church. The Protestant church with a high bell tower was built in the XIV century. On the facade of the church you can see a plaque commemorating the events of 1703-1711 (the Hungarian national liberation uprising against the Austrian Empire). The fact is that this heroic uprising began from the church in the village of Vary on 21 May 1703.

The village of Vary is also known for the traditions of artistic woodworking.

How to get to the village of Vary and Borzhava Castle?

The village of Vary is located in the Transcarpathian region near the border with Hungary. Distance by road to the district centre Beregovo – 16.3 km. The nearest village Borzhava is 4.5 km away.

Borzhava Castle is located 200-300 metres from the Hungarian border in the southern part of the village of Vary.

Coordinates of Borzhava Castle 48 ° 7 ’30 “N, 22 ° 42′ 38” E48.125 °, 22.710556 °.

The population speaks mainly Hungarian. This is due to the fact that this territory was part of the Hungarian state from the 14th century until 1918, and the village is also a border area, which contributes to internal migration. Quite a few indigenous Hungarians still live in Vary today. An interesting fact is that the name of the village itself comes from the word “Var” – a castle.

The locals call their village Váriety. The population in 2001 was 3,147 people.

Nearest transport hubs:

  • Beregovo (bus station) – 9 km.
  • Borzhava Bus Station is 5 km away.
  • Muzhiyevo – 6 km.

 Walking route

🔰 Start Outskirts of the village of Vary
🚶 Distance on foot (in the southwest direction) 200 m
🕒 Approximate time 3 minutes
⬆ Rise Mostly without ups and downs

On the map

What’s interesting nearby

Other places of interest

Костел Іоанна Хрестителя в селі Кідьош
In the village of Kidosh, there is the Church of St John the Baptist, built in the 14th century on
Музей леквару в селі Ботар
The lekvar museum with a tasting room is located in the village of Botar, Beregovo district. This is one of
Боржавський замок
Borzhava Castle is one of the oldest monuments in Transcarpathia. The history of the legendary fortress can be found in
Руїни Квасівського замку
In the village of Kvasovo, Beregove district, there are ruins of a 12th-century feudal castle built in the Romanesque style.
Затисянський краєзнавчий музей
In the village of Tysobiken, Berehiv District, Transcarpathian Region, there is the Zatysyanskyi Museum of Local Lore, opened in the
Костел Воздвиження Святого Хреста
The tallest building in the city of Berehove is the church on Ferenc Rakoci Square. This temple appeared in the
Графський двір або палац Бетлена в Берегово
Behind the cathedral, in the shade of chestnut trees, there is another landmark of Berehovo - "Grafskyi Dvir". This is
Будівля колишнього імперського суду в Берегово
On Koshuth Square (Verbevtsiya) among the pretty two-story villas, the landmark Berehovo - a huge building of the former imperial
Руїни домініканського костелу
In 3 km. from the town of Berehovo in the direction of Vylok - Vynohradiv, after going around one of
Термальні басейни "Жайворонок"
The whole secret is that the water that fills the pools of the complex comes directly from wells 1,200 m
Державний термальний басейн у Берегово
Thermal springs in the area of the city of Berehovo, in the very south of Transcarpathian Region, are very rare
Озеро Дідове (Дийда)
In the summer, Dyida Lake is a favorite vacation spot for Transcarpathians and guests of the region. A sailing center

Tours and excursions

Accommodation nearby

Готель «ФКока»
St. 61, Muzhayska, Berehove
+380 ....
from 600₴/day
Hotel "Villa Fenix"
St. B. Khmelnytskoho, 83, Berehove
+380 ....
from 1000₴/day
Садиба «Турул»
St. Koryatovycha, 2B, Berehove
+380 ....
from 900₴/day
Готель «Villa Eden DeLux»
St. Shevchenko, 12, Yanoshi
+380 ....
from 600₴/day
Мотель «Ріта»
St. Mikesha, 3, Berehove
+380 ....
from 500₴/day
Готель «Praktik»
St. B. Khmelnytskogo, 101, Berehove
+380 ....
from 500₴/day
Готель «Золота Пава»
Berehove, Rakotsi square, 1
+380 ....
from 1000₴/day
Готель «Жайворонок»
Berehovo, str. Shevchenko, 112
+380 ....
from 1000₴/day
Вілла «Писанка» (Велика Бийгань)
village of Velyka Byihan
+380 ....
from 800₴/day
Садиба «Villa Vera» (Берегове)
1A Koryatovycha St., Beregovo
+380 ....
from 600₴/day
Апартаменти "Лізак" (Берегове)
37 Novyi Bazar St., Beregovo
+380 ....
from 1000₴/day
Садиба «ЕЛЬЗА» (Берегово)
21 Koryatovycha St., Beregovo
+380 ....
from 250₴/person
Садиба «АДЕЛЬ» (Берегово)
27 Koryatovycha St., Beregovo
+380 ....
from 300₴/person
Садиба "Ніна" у Берегове
71 Lehotskoho St., Beregovo
+380 ....
from 250₴/person
Садиба «Турул»
St. Koryatovycha, 2B, Berehove
+380 ....
from 900₴/day
Вілла «Canada»
St. Zh. Moritsa, 93, Kidesh
+380 ....
from 2000₴/day
Котеджі «FrenchTown»
St. Shevchenko, 130, Berehove
+380 ....
from 1200₴/day
St. Mukachivska, 76, Berehove
+380 ....
from 400₴/day
Садиба «Мапа» у Берегове
St. Molodizhna, 29, Berehove
+380 ....
from 450₴/day

Leisure activities nearby

Кав'ярня-кондитерська «Мазанка» (Берегове)
13 B. Khmelnytskoho St., Beregovo
+380 ....
Ресторан «Практик» (Берегове)
101, B. Khmelnytskoho St., Beregovo
+380 ....
Ресторан «Чарда Паприка» (Берегове)
3 Koryatovycha St., Beregovo
+380 ....
Ресторан «Золота Пава» (Берегове)
1, Ferenc Rakoczy Square, Beregovo
+380 ....