Essays on the history of Vinogradov

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TRANS-Carpathian town Vinogradov, which until 1946 was called sevlyush – one of the oldest settlements in Transcarpathia. Already at the end of the first Millennium ad, there was a Slavic settlement here. In the XII-XIII centuries, Vinogradov belonged to the Hungarian king and was inhabited mainly by Flemish and Saxon colonists. In the XII century, the Hungarian king Geiza II introduced the Comitatus division of the Kingdom and Vinogradov became the administrative center of the Ugocan Comitatus. In 1262, according to the Charter of the Hungarian king Stephen V, the settlement was the first in Transcarpathia to receive the privileges of a crown city. The townspeople had their own court, chose their own headman and priest, and could build mills, produce and sell wine, crossing over Yew tree, hunt and fish. Even the great barons had to respect the rights of the city – they were forbidden to settle here.

 

Over the course of a century, the city has repeatedly changed hands. 29 August 1399 the king Zsigmond gave sevlyush to Peter Feathers, who distinguished himself by heroism in the war with the Turks, which was manifested in the battle of Nikopol in 1396. Since that time, over nearly four centuries of sevliush, and later the whole Ugochanskyi the County belonged to the ancient family of the barons pereni. In 1427, the king allowed fairs to be held in Sevlush, which brought the pereni family and the townspeople a large income.

 

• In the end XIX century Sevlyush became a local educational center. At that time, it had two public elementary schools and three Church schools. In 1881, they opened a city school, and later an industrial school.

• По Сен-Жерменському договору 1919 року Севлюш, як і все Закарпаття, був включений до складу Чехословаччини.
• Восени 1938 року Севлюш був окупований хортистською Угорщиною. 24 жовтня 1944 року звільнений військами 4-го Українського фронту.
• В 1946 році Севлюш перейменували у Виноградів. Він став районним центром.
• В 1980-ті роки в місті було 20 підприємств, політехнікум, медичне і кооперативне училище.

Vinogradov is also known for the fact that an outstanding Hungarian artist lived here in the last years of his life and is buried there Imre Reves.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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